LEXICON
No.124 September 7, 2012

Mandatory spending
義務的経費
Discretionary spending
裁量的経費

Spending by the central and local governments (地方公共団体), which is required by laws and regulations (法令) and which the central and local governments cannot decrease at their own discretion, is called mandatory spending (義務的経費). This spending includes personnel costs (人件費),...

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